Atlas of livestock parasites
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Toxoplasma gondii (camel)



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Toxoplasma gondii
Toxoplasmosis, is a sporozoan disease of all warm blooded species including man and birds caused by T. gondii. Mammals act as intermediate hosts and members of the family felidae act as the final hosts.

Sero-epizootiological surveys that were carried out at different localities in the Sudan have indicated that toxoplasmosis is quite prevalent in camels. A preliminary serological study using Latex agglutination carried out in Butana area (mid-eastern Sudan) showed an overall prevalence of 61.7% which indicated that camel could act as intermediate host for T. gondii. The high level of seroconversion to toxoplasma may indicate a possible presence of the clinical disease among camel population in the Sudan.

This situation may be related to possible changes in camel husbandry practices, that makes contraction of the disease easier. Since T. gondii is known to cause abortion and neonatal calf mortality in cattle, sheep and goats.

Transplacental infection and detection of tachyzoites in camels milk were investigated. Further studies to determine the pathogenicty and economic impact of T.evansi in camel as well as its public health hazards, especially among nomads who consume raw cameline milk (fresh and sour) and liver were suggested.


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